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  • buddha's teachings translated from Pali - dhammatalk
  • Tibetan teachings translated from Pali/Sanskrit to Tibetan and then to English - 84000

the word meditation is a translation of DHYANA

the word dhyana morphed as buddhism spread it also became chan and zen

there are many overused & misunderstood words for mental features

concentration, wakeful, aware, conscious, insight, cognizance, etc.

this is where I go for definitions and translations

remember english translations are typically 3 languages removed from Buddha's language

translations of translations of translations

sometimes it's easier to just learn the actual pali or sanskrit words instead of the translations

the english language is simply missing words for this subject

Thought in Tibetan is called namtok. “Nam” means the object, what is thought of. “Tok” means to make ideas and concepts about those objects. Namtok is something that mind churns out incessantly, day and night.

two truths

to describe this subject truth is broken into categories

  • relative truth - worldly truth that applies to being human
  • ulitmate truth - absolute truth that applies universally

middle road

middle road is the path, typically means steering clear of two extremes

as you flow trough life you'll need to use common sense to navigate

one way to understand buddhism is learning what is NOT buddhism

there's a book to this effect, "how NOT to be a buddushist" that highlights this

Natural and unnatural suffering - Mingyur Rinpoche

We speak of natural and self-created suffering.

Death is the most obvious example of natural suffering…. The Buddha called birth, sickness, old age, and death the four rivers of natural suffering, predictable and certain.

But fear of death or fear of pain is self-created suffering. We actually do this to ourselves.

If we examine the nature of this arbitrary, unnecessary experience of suffering, and if we truly recognize how insubstantial it is, then we can begin to let go of it…


non duality


  • natural suffering
    • physical pain
  • unnatural suffering
    • imagined strain caused by rejecting what is in the present time
    • and desire to exist in the future or past


We do not practice to become enlightened; we practice in order to recognize we are already enlightened.

  • NIRVANA - see four types
  • the cessation of thought, ego, and delusion


  • hapiness from sensual pleasure wears off quickly
  • samsara is suffering or going in circles
  • chasing after fleeting sources of pleasure causes people to go in circles